目前分類:非洲篇 (5)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要

What is the 衝突礦石(conflict minerals)?或瞄或瞥,!

文誌報導-手機零件禁血礦石 賈伯斯︰難追源頭

所謂的國際稀有金屬礦藏議題,還是有主要戰將,有所論述,非一般能窺之一二,當然耳,也牽動一類思維:

北極熊可以搶,山姆叔叔可以拿,F豬也可以偷,為甚麼,中國龍不能分杯羹呢?

diamonds2.jpg


........................引述Foreign Policy 文誌................................... 

Blood Diamonds Are Back

Why the U.N.-sanctioned system that's supposed to ensure that gemstones aren't mined at gunpoint is backfiring.

BY GREG CAMPBELL | DECEMBER 24, 2009

It's a safe bet that most of those surprised with diamond jewelry over the holidays did not pause long, if at all, to consider where their new gemstones came from. "Santa's elves" is a good enough answer for most people, and even those who are aware that some diamonds have been known to come from African war zones may not have given the matter much thought this year.

"Conflict diamonds," also known as "blood diamonds," are rough stones mined at gunpoint by slaves and prisoners for the enrichment of those holding the weapons. They were a cause célèbre at the beginning of the decade, when human rights groups exposed the role of diamonds in conflicts in Sierra Leone and Angola, but in recent years the issue has largely fallen off the radar of socially conscious western consumers. That's not because the situation has improved.

The sordid business of blood diamonds was believed to have ended with the adoption in 2003 of the Kimberley Process, a UN-sanctioned agreement between 75 countries that import and export diamonds, diamond industry leaders and nongovernmental organizations. Its mission is to certify that diamonds on sale at the corner jeweler did not arrive there at the expense of murdered and mutilated Africans.

When controversy was stoked anew in 2006 with the Leonardo DiCaprio movie Blood Diamond, the industry simply pointed to the existence of the Kimberley Process to convince moviegoers that conflict diamonds were an old problem that had already been solved.

Unfortunately, that's not the case. In theory, all countries that are signatory to the Kimberley Process agree not to import or export conflict diamonds; the origins of the diamonds are "verified" through a set of simple-sounding procedures. Producing countries export their diamonds in tamper-proof packages accompanied by a certificate guaranteeing that the stones did not come from conflict zones (this assumes that robust internal controls exist in producing countries). The Kimberley Process monitors compliance through peer reviews, statistical analysis and site visits; countries found to be in violation of the agreement can be expelled or suspended, meaning they can no longer export their diamonds to any of the agreement's member countries.

台灣窮小子 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

Beijing's Coalition of the Willing

For the West, failed states are a problem. For China, they're an opportunity.

BY STEFAN HALPER | JULY/AUGUST 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

台灣窮小子 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

In Africa, 50th anniversary of independence is an occasion to celebrate, lament 


By Sudarsan Raghavan
Washington Post Foreign Service
Sunday, May 23, 2010


台灣窮小子 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

Iran reportedly tests five new missiles

By the CNN Wire Staff
April 25, 2010 4:08 p.m. EDT

Tehran, Iran (CNN) -- Iran said Sunday it fired five new types of locally-made coast-to-sea and sea-to-sea missiles in the last stage of its "Great Prophet 5" military maneuvers in the Persian Gulf.

The missiles were fired simultaneously and struck a single target at the same time -- a feat the Revolutionary Guard Corps described to the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting as "very important."

The military exercises on Sunday also included high-speed boats waging a "war" against a warship.

The maneuvers fell on the 31st anniversary of the elite force and were designed to demonstrate new weapons systems.

Brig. Gen. Hossein Salami, deputy chief of the Revolutionary Guard told Iranian media that the exercises were aimed at demonstrating Iran's "strength, will and national resolve to defend independence and territorial integrity."

台灣窮小子 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()

Suspected pirates nabbed after skirmish with U.S. Navy ship

story.nicholas.usnavy.jpg

The Nicholas, which sunk a suspected pirate skiff Thursday after taking fire, is part of the U.S. military's Africa Command.
By the CNN Wire Staff
April 1, 2010 12:48 p.m. EDT

(CNN) -- A group of suspected pirates was captured Thursday after attacking a U.S. Navy frigate in the Indian Ocean, according to a statement released by the U.S. Sixth Fleet.

The USS Nicholas reported taking fire from a suspected pirate skiff shortly after midnight local time west of the Seychelles, the statement said. The Nicholas quickly returned fire and began pursuing the skiff, which was eventually disabled. A boarding team from the Nicholas subsequently captured and detained three people, the statement said.

The team discovered ammunition and several cans of fuel aboard the skiff, which was later sunk by the Nicholas.

台灣窮小子 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()