序:王金平院長說明有理:國家和平協議是時間進程;

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序言:實言是布衣小子,真的不是有心頂撞蔡英文主席,因為還是很喜歡蔡英文主席;

 

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然事實是馬總統沒有說明錯誤!雖然,又縮起來!唉!

國家和平&合作協議下的聯合決議在未來二十年
(三):

全文附件

11032011 posted by 台灣窮小子

國家和平&合作協議下的聯合決議在未來二十年
感想概論前言:
一,國家政策和目標
二,國會審議和行動綱領
三,協議的優先程序
四,協議下解釋性規定
五,國家元首和國會的權力決議說明
六,協議權力決議規定
七,國家憲法解釋性規定
八,國會立法否決權
九,終止和退出規定
十,國會緊急建議修訂權力規定
 
聯合決議的戰術行動:
一, 共同決議案的國會行動
二,國會下司法審議
三,國會更改名稱的權力規定
四,國會審議小組權力規定
五,國會審議協議基金權力規定
六,補充說明


聯合決議感想概論:

聯合決議一詞應該是國會討論和評估,協議權力決議,其包括,應用程序來面對各類狀況,簡單來說,它是運用;
平心而論,聯合決議的目標是討論潛在性議題,特別是,總統提交到具有潛在性敵對狀態的國家,有時候,可以不透過國會授權;
結果,依據歷史經驗證明,它還是要在國會授權的情況下,執行總統聯合聲明和協議決議的條約遵守;
所以,國會聯合決議,通過在決定和平協議參與,並送到敵對狀態的國家,這是國會提供程序,不相關於公民投票;
換句話說,國會授權由立法來運用,特別是,在有些情況下,起動聯合決議解決機制;
總之,依據國家憲法總統和國會的權力劃分,國會有權宣布,聯合決議解決機制和支持總統,簡單來說,總統是總司令;
普遍以為公民投票賦予總統的權力,不可否認,這是錯誤想法;
所以,重點是聯合決議下國會授權

聯合決議感想概論:(二)全文附件
聯合決議的主要目的是建立程序,其可能取得平衡決定,和不相關於公民投票;
總統的權力在提供足夠的靈活性和允許他回應穩定或其他緊急狀況;
特別是,面對潛在性敵對狀態的國家的運用;
這也不相關歴史文化和哲學等等;
回顧歴史經驗證明,其應該是總統的個人戰略錯誤;
換句話說,歷史餘毒症候群;
聯合決議能夠擔任和提供一類運用模式,同時,付予國會說明權力規定,而且,總統需要更多的外交政策和行為,和以國會關注模式來主張未經國會授權;
不可否認,聯合決議有好有壞,但可能保護國會聲音,共同面對潛在性衝突,或如:

一,國家政策和目標:
總統和國會的集體判斷將適用於或進入情況,即將參與和平行動的明確表示,這引用保證來繼續使用這種力量;
依據國家憲法的基礎,區分必要性和適當性的決議權力,提供明確規定來執行和賦予權力在政府;
所以,總統作為國家總司令的權力,導引入和平行動的狀況下,是行使和依據國家戰略和政策,這不相關於土地認同,另如:
一,法定授權
二,緊急呼籲
三,宣戰

二,國會審議和行動綱領
聯合決議可能規定:在一切可能的實例,總統與國會協商前,納入即將發生的和平行動的狀況下,只要進行協商,必須詳細闡述報告在國會;
因為協商是有戰略定義,在適當情況下,國會批准總統的行動設想,而且,總統本人必須提供相關的資訊;
國會的聯合決議明確要求總統的領導和協商,提供更多的靈活性在未來協議.

三,協議的優先程序
聯合決議或授權是納入國會審議的優先程序,或如,呂前副總統有言:條例,草案,或如:
一,依據雙邊政府關係聯合決議或授權,必須由國會通過表決來決定之;
二,聯合決議或授權成為雙邊政府的優先程序法案,除非,另有決策,也不能排除支持者和反對者之間的爭議;
三,聯合決議或授權規定優先程序,特別是,可行使國會否決;

四,協議下解釋性規定
協議權力是不提供任何法律或條約判斷,除非,它特別授權;
這應該是建立聯合決議的特別法定授權的戰略定義;
換句話說,聯合決議應該是國會手段來預防和運用的安全條約;
特別是授權;
另外是,也能反對國外敵對行動的決議;
決議能說明政府能夠採取一切必要措施,包括,使用武力來協助;
簡單來說,協議和決議是經由總統和國會的授權,或如:
一,國家不需要進一步具體的法定授權;
國會聯合決議通過日起,並成立高級命令委員會和依據憲法在通過日起,由政府批准的任何條約;
二,國會聯合決議,也能預防秘密,不經授權的協議支持,避免重覆;
三,國會聯合決議,可能改變總統或國會的憲法權力,因為,能夠保證和保護通過的決議,是否符合國家憲法來作出明確說明;

五,國家元首和國會的權力決議說明
聯合決議的核心權力是在於符合國家憲法;
所以,也會有兩類不同定義在總統和國會;
特別是,總統權力聲明發布到敵對狀態國家的狀況下,格外是,沒有戰爭或有其他理由,通過國會授權聲明而發布的決議理由;
畢竟,國家憲法給予國會是審議權力,也將是最終決定,是否發布?

六,協議權力決議規定
協議決議是總統親自擬定的聲明和交付國會的臨時報告,或如:
一,評估和平行動和參與的期限和範圍;
二,引進憲法和立法在和平行動的權力地位;
所以,對於即將發生的和平行動的戰略定義,應該是國會的決議立法;格外是,避免要求執行其相關的內戰;
聯合決議的目標應該是保證的權利來作為一個國會立法下的憲法責任,改變或保留現有的政治模式

七,國家憲法解釋性規定
平心而論,聯合決議還是有爭議,特別是,權力規則在國家憲法裡,還沒有規劃在總統和國會之間明確的區分;
總統倡議的協議是否符合憲法?
每個總統發布的決議以來,幾乎都有原則和立場;
所以,這對總統的國家權力不應該違憲侵權;
畢竟,總統承擔許多權力和責任,特別是,國會通過聯合決議?

八,國會立法否決權
聯合決議可能包括一個下放的權力,所以,國會立法否決權能夠給予制衡?
行動是說明決心,畢竟,國會不是單一體,是以不應該運用單方面合乎國家憲法的法律規定

九,終止和退出規定
終止和退出是聯合決議的爭議規定,因為,他是堅持;
聯合決議的起草,提供給國會一些承擔行動的決議,條約,或是不構成明確授權的憲法規定的權力;
特別是,在一個歷史性的意義,一個憲法的協議來實行我們的歷史實踐,所以說,協議和決議是核心草案;

十,國會緊急建議修訂權力規定
決議依據國會的程序修訂以審議並採取適當的行動;
這應該是國會的立法否決權下,緊急建議修訂權力規定

聯合決議感想概論結語:(三)聯合決議的戰術行動:
一, 共同決議案的國會行動
二,國會下司法審議
三,國會更改名稱的權力規定
四,國會審議小組權力規定
五,國會審議協議基金權力規定
六,補充說明
 
國家和平&合作協議下國會戰術行動
一, 共同決議案的國會行動
平心而論,隨著結束敵對關係以來,國家行動的增加,也無可避免地,需要面對和平協議權力,是否要重新審驗來促進和提升總統權力;
特別是未經國會批准的協議和作戰行動;
所以,國會戰術行動擬定新的立法和可能擬定來指定應用在決議權力,特別是,取得國會授權下的框架協議;
另外,在特殊狀况下提供的力量:
二,國會下司法審議
國會司法審議的目的是以國家利益來審議不確定的管轄權;
特別是,建議來作出判斷理由說明決議權力的任何規定;
格外是,訴訟決議案的權力規定,包括,,明訂司法補救措施和總統提交國情報告或刪除狀況;
三,國會更改名稱的權力規定
國會更改名稱的權力應該是建構一個使用和平行動來面對敵對行為的廢除決議權力的規定;
畢竟,有些人會往錯誤方向鑽,說是對抗,其實是,不切實際,最後是自欺欺人;
所以,國會更改名稱的權力來承擔憲法責任和規定;
因為國會是有權力來決議和平協議
四,國會審議小組權力規定
國會審議通過和建立在國會的一個具體協商小組,並依據,聯合決議來進行協商修訂和提升;
這是核心團體定期協商,是以首批應該是國會議長,多數和少數黨領袖
另外是,在核心團體下,設置外交關係和情報,國防委員會,也包括,少數族群成員來共同確定,同時,保有總統力量介入,包括,撤銷和授權,以利取得快速程序  

五,國會審議協議基金權力規定
和平協議的基金權力必須通過國會審議後支出資金,特別是,禁止使用任何違反聯合決議的目的支出,因為國會有權力拒絕

六,補充說明
 聯合決議是國會提出的決議結果,也包括,總統的和平權力決議;因為,總總是國家總司令,以決議來進行外交關係和引述立法權力.




Under the National peace-cooperation agreement,Joint resolution will be after twenty years.

Reflective summary foreword:
1,National policies and obejtives
2,Congressional consideration and performative programs
3,Agreement of priority measures
4,Under the agreement,interpretive provisions
5,National President and Congress of the powers resolution of explaination.
6,Agreement of provisions of the powers resolution
7,National constitution interpretive provisions
8,Congress legislative veto
9,Abrogation and withdrawal provision.
10,Congressal proposed amendments powers provision for Emergency
 
Joint resolution of the tactics actions
1,Congressal action by concurrent resolution
2,Under the Congressal,judicial consideration
3,Congressal change of name powers provision
4,Congressal consultation group powers provision
5,Congressional consideration of funds powers provision
6,Footnotes

Reflective summary of Joint resolution:

A word of Joint resolution should discusses and assesses agreement powers resolution by Congress,in which,in order to includes application to meet some of conditions.Simply put,it will operate.
Obviously speaking,the objectives of Joint resolution will discuss potential subject.In particular,Presidents have continued to commit opponent into potential country,especially,China.Sometimes,without authorization from Congress.
As s result,in accordance with historical experience has proved that it was still under the conditions by congressional authorization,in order to enforce Presidential Joint Statement and Agreement with the team of the Powers Resolution.
So,Congressal Joint Resolution will pass over peaceful agreement for participation in decisions to send opponent country.This is Congressal providence procedures,which are not related to referendum.
In other words,congress authorized,by legislation to operate,in particular,in several instances,it will start willing of Joint Resolution mechanism.
In short,in accordance with National constitution,in order to seek powers are divided between the President and Congress.And Congress has the power to declare willing of Joint Resolution mechanism,and support President.Simply put,President is Commander in Chief.

It is generally agreed that referendum gives the President powerIIt cannot denied that it is mistake idea.So,the point will be under the Joint Resolution of congressional authorization.

Reflective summary of Joint resolution:(2)
The main purpose of the Joint Resolution will to build procedures,in which,its may get branches in decisions,and not related to referendum.
President's authority provide enough flexibility,and permit him to respond to stable or other emergencies.In particular,to meet potential opponency country of use.Thet are not related to history,culture,and philosophy,etc.Look back to historical experience has proved that its should be President's strategic mistake.In other words,historical obsolescence syndrome.
Joint Resolution can serve and provide a mode of communication,in a while,have given Congress powers provisions of explaination.In addition,President needs more flexibility in the conduct of foreign policy,and use as Congressional concern pattern to argue without congressional authorization.It cannot denied that Joint Resolution has been mixed,but,it may protect the voice of Congress,in order to work together to meet potential conflicts.
As followed:
 

1,National policies and obejtives
The collective judgment of both the President and Congress will apply to the introduction,or into situations where will approach participation in peaceful action,that it is clearly indicated by insure that to the continued use of such forces.
In accordence with National constitution  to the necessary and correct of the resolution power,which is specifically provided to carry into and give power in the government.
So,the powers of the President as Commander in Chief to institute peaceful action into situations,that will be exercised and followed National strategy and policy.It will not be related to homeland identity.
1,Statutory authorization
2,National emergency called on
3,Declaration of war

2,Congressional consideration and performative programs
Joint Resolution may require the President :"in every possible instance" to consult with Congress before introducing into situations of peaceful action;And to continue consultations,it must report elaborated in Congress.
Because consultation to be strategic meaning;In appropriate circumstances,Congress approval the President of action contemplated,in addition, the President himself must provide all information relevant.
The Joint resolution of Congress specifically called for consultation of the Presidental leadership,and  in order to provide more flexibility.

3,Agreement of priority measures
Joint Resolution or authorization to use of priority measuresfor congressional consideration.As Ex.President.Ms. said:"regulation".
As followed:
1,In accordance with both sides of governmental relation,Joint Resolution or authorization,in which,must through Congress determines or else by a vote.
2,Joint Resolution or authorization will become priority measures bill between both sides of government,unless that Congress otherwise decisions.Also,the debate cannot to be separated between proponents and opponents.
3,Joint Resolution or authorization establishes priority measures,in particular,they can use of Congress Veto.

4,Under the agreement,interpretive provisions
Agreement power is not to be deduced from any provision of law or treaty,unless,it specifically authorizes,in which,should establish strategic significance of statutory authorization of Joint resolution.
In other words,Joint resolution should be Means of Congress,that to prevent and operate of security treaty,in particular,authorization.
Moreover,it can also aimed against foreign hostilities abroad of resolution.
Resolution can show that the governments are able to all necessary steps,including,use of force to assist.
Simply speaking,agreement and resolution are through by President and Congress authorization.
As followed:
1,nation that further specific statutory authorization is not required.
Joint Resolution of Congress will establish prior to the date,and enact high-level commands committee which will accorded National constitution from any treaty confirmed by government prior to such date.
2,Joint Resolution of Congress is to prevent secret,unauthorized agreement support activities;avert repetition.
3,Joint Resolution of Congress may change constitutional authority of either the President or the Congress.Because it can promise and protect the the constitutionality of the Resolution by making it clear.

6,Agreement of provisions of the powers resolution
Agreement resolution which is to be given Congress tempore report by President himself frame statement.As followed:
1,Assessed measure and period of the peaceful action and participation.
2,Take constitutional and legislative authority postirion place in the peaceful action.
So,with strategic significat to approach peaceful action which should be resolution legislative.Expecially,it avoids request to execute relating to civil war.
Joint Resolution of objectives should to assure that the Congress by legislation of its constitutional responsibilities;Change or keep the existing political pattern.

7,National constitution interpretive provisions
Obviously speaking,Joint Resolution was controversialin particular,power provisions.power separated by the National constitution in no definitive plan between the President and Congress.
President initiates in his agreement whether essence of constitutionality,or not?
Every President has issued the agreement since they almost had principles and frameworks.So,it is to President's national authority,in which,should not an unconstitutional infringement.
After all,Presidents had assumed more authority and responsibility,in particular,Congress adopted the Joint resolution.

8,Congress legislative veto
Joint resolution may include a release authority,and Congress legislative veto can over in balance.
Action will be premised on a determination.After all,Congress is not unique catalogue,which should not operate unilateral judgments about the constitutionality of provisions of law.

9,Abrogation and withdrawal provision.
The automatic withdrawal has become controversial provision of Joint Resolution.Because it is insist.   
Draft of the Joint Resolution,in which,included some to provide for Congress,act from provisions of resolutions, treaties, or the Constitution which did not constitute an explicit authorization.
Particularly,in an historic sense,a restoration of the constitutional balance which has been distorted by practice in our history.So,as said that"The core bill will be agreement and resolution."

10,Congressal proposed amendments powers provision for Emergency
Resolution is in accordance with congressional procedures for amendments,in order to consider the report and take appropriate action.
It should be legislative veto under the proposed amendments powers provision for Emergency by Congress.
   
Reflective summary conclusion of Joint resolution :
(3)Joint resolution of the tactics actions


1,Congressal action by concurrent resolution
2,Under the Congressal,judicial consideration
3,Congressal change of name powers provision
4,Congressal consultation group powers provision
5,Congressional consideration of funds powers provision
6,Footnotes

Under the National peace-cooperation agreement  of the Congressional tactics operations.
As followed:
1,Congressal action by concurrent resolution
Obviously speaking,with the increase national action since end of adverse relation,also,it cannot avoid that needs to meet peace-cooperation agreement whether want to re-considerate to promote and advance President power,in particular,agreement and operation without congressional approval.
So,the Congressional tactics operations may be improved new legislation enacted,and that may be improved,in which,specify how resolution power is to be applied.In particular,to get it wich under the congressional authorization of agreement framework,alternatively,in specified situations,provide forces.

2,Under the Congressal,judicial consideration
The goal of the Congressal judicial consideration,in which,as National interests to re-considerate uncertain jurisdiction.
Particularly,proposals have been made that reasonable judgment to show the Resolution Power with any provision,especially,Resolution lawsuits of power provision.Including,prescribe judicial remedies,and the President submit a report of national conditions,or remove conditions.
 
3,Congressal change of name powers provision
Congressal change of name powers should establish a use peaceful operation to meet hostilities act of withdraw resolution power provision.
After all,some people as a step in the wrong direction,in fact,it is unfeasible,and ultimately,it is self-deceptive.So,Congressal change of name powers should take Constitutional responsibility and provision.Because Congress has owned power to recognize peace-cooperation agreement.

4,Congressal consultation group powers provision
Congressal consideration have built and through a specific consultation group in Congress,and than,in accordance with Jount Resolution to process consultation,amendment and improvement.
This is core group to be regularly consult .so as
initial group should be the speaker of the Congressal and the majority and minority leaders of both leaders.
Moreover,under the core group,which set up foreign relations and defense,intelligence of the committees ,also,including,minority members,whose will be able to determine,and meanwhile,to keep the President forces to introduce,including,withdrawal and authorization which will be in value to get expedited procedures.

5,Congressional consideration of funds powers provision
Peace-cooperation agreement of funds powers must be through by Congressional consideration for removing finds,in particular,called for prohibiting for any use of Joint Resolution of removing proposals.Because Congress has power to refusing.

6,Footnotes
Joint Resolution will make to Congress as the result of the Resolution,also,contains the President's peaceful power resolution.Because the President as National Commander in Chief,who President's authority to conduct foreign relations,and reference legislative authority.


 

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